The Mau Mau Movement employed advance survival tactics similar to those of other highly successful insurgency movements such as the Viet Cong or the FLN of Algeria.
Girdhari Lal Vidyarthi (1907-1985, pictured right) is best remembered as a journalist and newspaperman and printer who fought for press freedom on behalf of native Kenyans against the colonial government.
In the early 1900s the Somali people mounted resistance against the British, Italians and Menelik II of Ethiopia before the Italians and the British partitioned Somaliland for themselves. In the 1940's local branches of the Somalia Youth League ensured continuous resistance to colonial occupation and rule.
Makhan Singh (1913-1973) was a trade unionist who formed Kenya's first trade union in 1935, the Labour Trade Union of Kenya. He spent a total of 16 years behind bars both in India and Kenya for his political activities against the British.
In 1938 the colonial government instituted a plan to reduce the the number of cattle owned by the Kamba community as a soil conservation measure. This did not sit well with the community and led to a successful non-violent rebellion and the formation of UKamba Members Association.